Open Access Letter to the Editor

Prioritizing Dose in Music-Listening Intervention Research

Jason Micheal Kiernan

Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research, Page 23-25
DOI: 10.9734/jocamr/2021/v15i330268

Music listening interventions (MLI) have grown into a major subcategory in the world of complementary and alternative medicine research.  These studies have led to an epistemic explosion in MLI clinical application across many disciplines.  However, this body of research still contains a critical handicap that will limit its potential: dose and dosing.  Inconsistencies in how much of an MLI a research participant receives in a study will continue to impact generalizability until an MLI's dose is both defined and incorporated into clinical trials.  This brief paper explores MLI dose, and attempts to frame MLI dose research as a priority for all researchers who utilize this intervention in their studies.

Open Access Short Communication

Direct Health Education by Christian Doctors: Sharing Experiences during Community Service in Local Church Communities in Jakarta, Indonesia

Forman Erwin Siagian

Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research, Page 36-41
DOI: 10.9734/jocamr/2021/v15i330270

Health education is important because of the need to promote health among members of the community, to maintain the health status and, if possible, to prevent people to get sick. Specific communities such as church members have unique characteristics that can facilitate health education so that it can be more easily accepted and implemented. The existence of Christian scholars among those specific communities can help the church to promote daily healthy living activities and maintain health standards, especially in the era of the Covid pandemic. This article aims to share our experience of doing multi-form community service in a specific community, a local church located in Tanjung Priok, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Open Access Original Research Article

Importance of Following Proper Inhalation Techniques and Awareness Regarding Asthma among Clinical Patients

Sumali Gunasekara, Thanushika Ranawaka, Dilan Chathuranga, Upekshi Kankanamge, Aindralal Balasuriya

Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/jocamr/2021/v15i330266

Aims: Asthma is one of the biggest health burdens on the Sri Lankan population. Achievement of treatment goals isdetermined mainlythrough pharmacological management. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the patient inhaler handling techniques and their awareness regarding their disease condition, as well as to find out how an educational intervention effects patients‘ inhaler handling techniques.

Study Design:  A Prospective cross sectional study used.

Place and Duration of Study: National Hospital for Respiratory Diseases, Welisara and Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila between June 2017 to August 2017.

Methodology: Clinically diagnosed asthma patients were randomly divided into Control and Test groups. Control comprised 94 patients and the test comprised 93 patients. Their baseline knowledge about asthma and inhaler-using technique were assessed in 1st month by using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and checklist respectively. The test group was given both information leaflet and verbal instructions. Again, all the participants were assessed for the inhaler techniques on their next clinic day by using the same questionnaire and the checklist.

Results: After the educational intervention, there was a statistically significant improvement in the test group, in the adherence to the nine steps, including critical steps, regarding all 3 device types (PMDI, DPI, and PMDI with Spacer) in the 2nd-month visit. (at  P =.05) When considering awareness about asthma in the total population, most participants were knowledgeable regarding asthma.

Conclusion: We observed gaps in knowledge between current practice and what is expected in patients with asthma regarding their inhaler therapy. This might be due to the quality of instructions delivered by health care providers being insufficient and them lacking the time to observe patients individually for the inhaler techniques. Awareness regarding asthma and inhalation techniques can be raised by using information leaflets as well as through verbal counseling.

Open Access Original Research Article

Uses of Elaeis guineensis oil for Stress Management during the Transportation of Catfish Fingerlings: A Dose-Dependent Outcome

Mengue Ngadena Yolande Sandrine, Essoh Etouke Adrien, Tchiedjo Marie Laure, Sulem Yong Nina Nindum, Fifen Ngapout Rodrigue, Owona Pascal Emmanuel, Etchu Kingsley Agbor, Dzeufiet Djomeni Paul Désiré

Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research, Page 14-22
DOI: 10.9734/jocamr/2021/v15i330267

Cameroonian farmers used Elaeis guineensis oil (EGO) named usually palm oil to reduce stress and mortality during the transportation of catfish fingerlings. The present study is aimed to evaluate the uses of EGO for stress management during the transportation of catfish fingerlings. Antioxidant activities of EGO were assessed in vitro. 1500 fingerlings were transported from Douala (Littoral Region, Cameroon) to Yaoundé (Centre Region Cameroon). The transportation was for 7 h 55 min in black tins of 10 L which contain 8 L of water and 100 fingerlings each. The following treatment was administrated: commercial anti-stress, 2, 4, and 6 drops of EGO. Control received no treatment and all groups were triplicated. After 10 fingerlings were sacrificed by decapitation. Total protein, total bilirubin (TB), triglycerides level, and lactate deshydrogenase (LDH) activity were assessed in the liver as well as oxidant stress parameters. Brain and gills were fixed for histopathological analysis. Results showed that transportation of catfish fingerlings induced a significant increase of TB level and LDH activity in the liver. Indeed, it induced cerebellar and gills necrosis. Moreover, EGO exhibits antioxidant activities in vitro against DPPH, ABTS radicals, and possesses a ferric reducing antioxidant power of 6.31 mEAG/g. This observation was confirmed in vivo by the increase in a dose-dependent manner of GSH and nitrites levels in the liver compared to control. However, the administration of 6 drops of EGO increased significantly (p < 0.05) the activity of LDH in the liver compared to control. Thus, high dose induced anaerobic respiration which was confirmed by alveolar necrosis in gills and neurodegeneration although low dose of EGO (2-4 drops) prevented those alterations compared to control. Hence, low doses of Elaeis guineensis oil can prevent liver, cerebellar and gills impairment during artisanal transportation to reduce the effects of stress.

Open Access Review Article

Zanjabeel (Zingiber officinale Roscoe.): An Evidence-Based Review of Anti-nociceptive, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Properties

Fatima Khan, Mohd Nayab, Abdul Nasir Ansari

Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research, Page 26-35
DOI: 10.9734/jocamr/2021/v15i330269

Ginger has been appreciated for over 2500-3000 years in many parts of the world due to its numerous scientific properties. The ginger plant (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) belongs to the Zingiberaceae family. It is a known food and flavoring ingredient reputed for its wide range of medicinal properties that have been widely used in Chinese, Ayurvedic, and Unāni Tibb worldwide, since antiquity. Ginger has long been used to cure a variety of ailments, including diarrhea, stomach discomfort, indigestion, and nausea. It is a versatile herb with phenomenal phytotherapeutic and medicinal properties. Active ingredients available in ginger such as 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 6-paradol, and zingerone are responsible for upgrading enzyme actions and balancing circulation through rejuvenating the body with physical re-strengthening. Gingerols, the key phenolic plant secondary metabolites responsible for its distinct flavor and health benefits, are found in the rhizome of ginger Extensive study has been undertaken over the last two decades to uncover bioactive ingredients and the therapeutic potential of ginger. This review considers ginger's chemical composition and the most recent study findings on its possible health advantages, such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antioxidant properties due to its phytochemistry. Overall, clinical trials are needed to confirm these prospective various health advantages of ginger in human subjects and the most efficacious dosage, based on the current body of scientific literature.